Communication and communication
Communication infrastructure is one of the most important resources, which determines the rate of economic growth, the quality of life of the population, the effectiveness of public administration, etc. The most common form of communication remains telephone.
In the structure of income from communication services, long-distance communication is 9.7%, local telephone communication - 25.2%, Internet - 54.7%, and other 7.8%.
On the telecommunications network, 431 telephone exchanges are in operation (585 switching points). The total installed capacity of all switching points is 403.1 thousand numbers. Involved capacity of 298.5 thousand numbers, including in rural areas - 176.0 thousand numbers.
Telephone density per 100 inhabitants was 15.3 units, incl. in urban areas - 25.8, in rural areas - 11.7.
|1. Provision of settlements in the region with telecommunication services.||1. Realization of the project in the newly built cottage towns of Almaty region|
Roads and transport
The length of public roads in the region is 9334 km, of which 27.3% of republican value (2546 km) and 72.7% of local importance (6305 km).
On the roads of regional and district importance of the region there are 354 bridges and 5436 culverts.
Among local roads, 788 km (11.6%) have asphalt concrete; black-crushed stone coating - 4861.8 km (71.6%); gravel-crushed stone coating - 1020 km (15%); without cover (ground) - 118 km (1.8%).
On the roads of regional and district significance, it can be noted that only a small part of them is in good condition (23.3%). The rest of the roads can be classified as roads in satisfactory - 54.5% and in unsatisfactory condition - 22.2%.
Among the regions, the Zhambyl (99.92%), Talgarsky (88.75%), Karasaysky (84.15%) districts are better equipped than the others with roads.
The lowest rates of provision of roads in Sarkan (58.69%), Karatal (61.18%), Raiymbek (63.45%) areas.
Currently, in the Almaty region, there are 249 routes (intercity intercity - 8, interdistrict (intercity interregional) - 78, suburban - 84, intradistrict - 42, intracity - 37).
1528 buses of various capacity and modifications (including reserve) are assigned to existing routes. On the above routes, passengers and baggage are transported by 47 carriers (34 legal entities and 13 individual entrepreneurs).
592 or 80% of 741 settlements of the region are covered by regular passenger transport, 149 are not covered by regular passenger traffic, residents of these settlements are serviced by private entrepreneurs, and small settlements are self-sufficient (their own cars are used for traveling).
In the regional center - Taldykorgan, regular urban transportation of passengers is carried out by 6 carrier enterprises.
There are 27 regular routes in the city, of which 9 routes serve dacha arrays. On urban routes installed GPS equipment.
In the area of underdeveloped network of routes of regular intra-district road transport of passengers and baggage. As a result, there are no intra-district routes in Alakol, Balkhash, Raiymbek, Kerbulak, Uigur and Sarkan districts.
The Zhambyl, Aksu, Eskeldy and Karatal districts are not fully covered by the intra-district communication.
The positive situation in this matter is observed in Karasai, Talgarsky, Enbekshikazakhsky, Panfilovsky districts and in the cities of Taldykorgan, Tekeli, Kapshagai.
However, the currently existing intra-district routes of road transport of passengers and baggage are insufficient to ensure full coverage of populated points of the Almaty region by bus.
In order to encourage carriers to update their rolling stock, taking into account recent changes and additions to the legislation in the field of transport when upgrading buses and minibuses, the contract will be extended up to 10 years.
Railway transport is the most popular among users, provides industrial and individual transport. The railway network allows transportation between all regions with access to neighboring countries.
The activity of the Almaty branch of the road is aimed at ensuring the effective organization of the process of freight and passenger traffic within territorial boundaries.
The operational length of the Almaty branch of the railway is 1,648.8 km, the total length of the main tracks is 2,143.4 km.
There are 119 railway stations, 72 crossings and 12 overtaking points at the Almaty branch of the road to support operational activities.
Transit railway communications pass through the region in the following directions: “Novosibirsk-Tashkent-Novosibirsk”, “Bishkek-Novokuznetsk-Bishkek”, “Almaty-Novosibirsk-Almaty”, “Almaty-Urumchi-Almaty”, “Almaty-Simferopol-Almaty”, Almaty-Moscow-Almaty, Almaty-Astana-Almaty, Almaty-Dostyk, etc.
The railway line "Zhetygen - Khorgos" functions. With the commissioning of the second international border railway crossing with the PRC, the competitiveness of the transport potential of the country's economy has increased. The new direction of the China-Kazakhstan transport corridor will contribute to the development and expansion of economic ties between China and the countries of South-East Asia with Kazakhstan, the countries of Central Asia and the Eurasian continent. The Zhetygen - Khorgos line will reduce the distance from China to the southern regions of Kazakhstan and the countries of Central Asia by 550 km, which will ensure an increase in the volume of cargo transportation, including transit, which is important for the region and for Kazakhstan as a whole.
In order to reduce the load on the Almaty hub, caused by the high level of freight traffic along the Zhetygen - Khorgos route, it is planned to build a railway line bypassing (Kazybek bek - Zhetygen station) to the Almaty railway junction.
Passenger traffic is also developing. Since 2015, railway passenger transportation has been involved in the region according to the socially significant intraregional traffic “Zhetygen-Dostyk-Zhetygen”, the losses of which are subject to subsidies from the regional budget.
The total length of the waterways of the region is 2030 km, of which: Kapshagaysky reservoir - 110 km, head to the border with China, up the Ili river - 220 km, the lower reaches of the Ili river and Balkhash lake - 1700 km.
In the early 90s, the Kapshagay reservoir and the Ili River (the port of Kapchashaya to the port of Borokhudzir) were used to transport coal, fodder, sand, gravel, timber, oil products, ore, and containers. In the navigation period from April to November, the volume of freight traffic reached 800 thousand tons of cargo and up to 5 thousand passengers on cruise routes. Currently, for the year, the Kapshagay reservoir provides only transportation of mineral construction goods in the amount of up to 30 thousand tons to the port of Kapshagai and up to 1.5 thousand people on cruise routes.
In the field of water transport in the region, 76 units of river and 2484 small vessels are registered, including 2241 self-propelled and 243 non-self-propelled.
On the Kapshagay reservoir the Republican state-owned enterprise “Ili Waterways Enterprise” is located. The main goal of the enterprise is to carry out activities in the maintenance and development of navigable waterways in a safe condition at the Kapshagay reservoir.
In the Almaty region, aviation transport is represented by JSC “Airline“ Zhetysu ”and JSC“ SKAT ”, which specializes in performing regular socially-significant flights along the routes“ Usharal-Astana-Usharal ”,“ Usharal-Taldykorgan-Usharal ”and“ Astana-Taldykorgan-Astana ” "Respectively.
JSC "Airline" Zhetysu "has in its composition three Yak-40 aircraft, as well as the necessary complex of buildings, structures and equipment for air transportation. The airport belongs to class V airports with a class “B” airfield and can carry out transportation on lines of the CIS and local airlines.
The capacity of the terminal at rush hour is 200 passengers.
However, in the framework of the development of small aircraft, a project was implemented for the construction of an air terminal building in the town of Usharal of the Alakol district. More than 1.0 billion tenge was allocated from the regional budget for these purposes.
Also, as part of the development of border areas, a project is planned to build an airfield in the city of Zharkent, Panfilovsky District.
At the same time, the socio-economic development of the region requires the establishment of operational transport links between the region and the regional center, and in the long term, transit communication with the border areas of neighboring regions. In this situation, air transport can act as an operational and alternative type.
The implementation of these projects for civil aviation will give additional impetus to the development of tourism in the region.
Almaty region is a strategically important international transit hub. In this regard, great attention should be paid to the development of transport infrastructure in the region. In the region, there is a positive trend in improving infrastructure.
1. Reduction of the share of highways in unsatisfactory condition from 40.5% to 33%;
2. Developed road and rail network (including new lines), providing communication both with other regions of the Republic of Kazakhstan and with neighboring countries.
1. Implementation of transport infrastructure development projects within the framework of the state program “Nurly Zhol”;
2. A significant increase in the region’s revenues from the activation of transit cargo and passenger flows;
3. Increasing the capacity of the transport infrastructure through the expansion and modernization of existing transport and logistics centers, as well as the construction of new transport and logistics centers;
4. The development of the region as a strategic, transport and logistics and service production site.
There are 20 hydroelectric power plants with an installed capacity of 769.7 MW, 2 wind power stations with a capacity of 9 MW and one solar power station with a capacity of 2 MW.
The total length of power lines is 34.2 thousand km., Substations - 7.7 thousand units.
The technical condition of the energy networks is unsatisfactory. At the same time, by 2014, the depreciation of equipment at thermal power plants decreased from 60% to 53%, and the loss in the power grids - from 13.9% to 13.5%.
In the regional context, 95% (1111.6 MW) of the generating capacity of the region are located in the Almaty region, including Karasay (48.1%), Ili districts (15.4%) and Kapshagai (31.2%).
In the Taldykorgan region, only 4.7% (52 MW) of the region’s energy generating capacities are located, which cover only 20% of the territory's demand for electricity. The largest producer is KazTzincTEK LLP of Tekeli (2.91% of the region’s capacity).
The demand for electricity in the region is closed by its own production by only 62% and is purchased from the northern regions, Zhambyl GRES and Kyrgyzstan.
1. The region has almost half of the water resources of Kazakhstan in the form of hundreds of mountain rivers.
2. Significant wind energy potential, especially in the area of the Dzungarian Gate and the Shelek Corridor.
1. The development of renewable energy sources.