Economy

Economy

GRP of Almaty region in 2018 amounted to 1.9 trillion. KZT (share of GRP of the region in the gross product of Kazakhstan amounted to 4.8%). Among the regions of Kazakhstan in terms of GRP Almaty region is on the 15th place.



In the structure of GRP of Almaty region, services account for 65% or 1.4 trillion. tenge, for goods-35% or 691.5 billion tenge. At the same time, the largest volume of GRP goods fell on industrial production – 62.6% or 432.6 billion tenge, the share of agricultural products amounted to 37.4% or 258.9 billion tenge.


Agriculture
The volume of gross agricultural output amounted to 21.5 billion tenge, the index of physical volume-114%. 

Plant growing
In 2018, crops of agricultural crops were placed on the area of 954 thousand hectares, including grains (including rice) – 450 thousand hectares, fodder – 247 thousand hectares, oilseeds – 170 thousand hectares, wheat – 125 thousand hectares, potatoes, vegetables, corn forage, melons – 87,4 thousand hectares.

The gross grain harvest amounted to 13 million quintals with an average yield of 30.4 quintals per hectare, vegetables – 10 million quintals with a yield of 308.1 quintals per hectare, potatoes – 7.3 million quintals with a yield of 186.52 quintals per hectare, oilseeds – 3 million quintals with a yield of 17.6 quintals per hectare, maize for feed – 3.4 million quintals with a yield of 276.3 quintals per hectare, melons – 1.2 million quintals with a yield of 253.7 quintals per hectare, grapes – 169 thousand quintals with a yield of 47.5 quintals per hectare.

In order to ensure the optimal structure and implementation of crop rotations, the work on diversification of acreage has been continued, in particular by reducing wheat crops, the areas of highly profitable crops – corn for grain, oilseeds, vegetables and fodder crops have been expanded. 

Major amounts of acreage are concentrated in Alakol, Enbekshikazakh, eskeldy and Sarkansky areas.

Taking into account the high profitability and constant demand, priority is given to the production of oilseeds, the volume of production of which increases annually. The production of vegetables, potatoes, fruits and berries is also growing. The main vegetable crops grown in the region-carrots, beets, onions, tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage, they account for more than 80% of the total gross harvest of vegetables.


Farming
It is represented mainly by meat and dairy cattle breeding, fine-wool sheep breeding, productive horse breeding, camel breeding, industrial pig and poultry farming.

The region ranks first in the country in terms of the number of horses, pigs and poultry, the second – in cattle, sheep and goats.

At the end of 2018 in the region there are 9.1 million heads of poultry, 3.9 million heads of sheep and goats, 965.7 thousand heads of cattle, 293.6 thousand heads of horses and 72.6 thousand heads of pigs.


Industry 
In the region there are 136 large and medium-sized industrial enterprises, which account for about 80% of the volume of production.

In 2018, the volume of industrial production amounted to 432.6 billion tenge, the index of physical volume-101,1%.

Mining and quarrying occupies 1.2% of the total production of the region, during the reporting period produced products for 5 billion tenge, manufacturing – 98.8%, produced products for 390.4 billion tenge.

The volume of electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning amounted to 7.9% of the total industrial production in the region (34.3 billion tenge), water supply, Sewerage system, control over the collection and distribution of waste, respectively – 0.6% (2.8 billion tenge). 

Commissioned 71 new object of industry, expanded 33 existing production created by an additional 2 491 workplace.


The food industry produced products in the amount of 97.6 billion tenge. The volume index for the corresponding period of 2017 amounted to 101.6%.

In the production of non-metallic mineral products (building materials) produced products in the amount of 22 billion tenge. The volume index was 100.2%.

In chemical and related industries produced products in the amount of 6.2 billion tenge. The IFO was 108.1%.

In 2018, the engineering industry produced products worth 17 billion tenge. The volume index for the corresponding period of 2017 amounted to 114.1%.

In the metallurgical industry, including the production of finished metal products produced products for 10.2 billion tenge, the IFO amounted to 102.2%.

Production of paper products amounted to 6.2 billion tenge, the IFO to the corresponding period of 2017 amounted to 104.9%.

Production of light industry amounted to 3.2 billion tenge, the IFO to the corresponding period of 2017 amounted to 104.4%.

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